The early history of the Tattersall family
The Tattersall family's earliest known ancestor was a man living in Brittany called something akin to 'Sperewi'. Little is known of him, except that he had a son known as Eudon, possibly shortened to Eudo or Yon.. 'Eudo fitz Spirewic' joined the Breton contingent which formed a third of the force brought to England by William the Conqueror in 1066.
He must have distinguished himself in the battle of Hastings, for contemporary records state that he and his brother in arms Pinson were well rewarded for their bravery by Duke WIlliam with lands in Lincolnshire, Eudo's around the area now known as Tattershall. The place name derives in all probability from the wife of Earl Edwin, named Ethelburga (who was Kentish). She was known as Tate, a favourite saxon feminine name, so Tateshal means Hall or Residence of Tate.
Eudo is recorded in the Domesday book as holding many parcels of land as Lord, including 29 seperate holdings in the South Riding of Lincolnshire, 5 in the North Riding, and sundry others in Norfolk and Suffolk. In the Norfolk Domesday, his name is recorded as 'Eudo fitz Spiruwin' and this may hint at the Breton name Erwan or Ewen, equivalent to the french name Yves,Yvick or Even, meaning 'yew'. Ewen is also equivalent to IWAN or IWEN, YOUEN and the Diminutive IVONIG. Thus Eudo's first name also given by the complete peerage variously as Eudo, Yon or Eon clearly also links equivalently to the second half of his surname.
In the Lincolnshire Domesday, the original latin has him as 'Eudonis filius Spireuuic'. The Historian Frank Stenton notes that there is mention of the name 'Spereuui' in a 9th century document contained in the Cartulary of Redon Abbey in Brittany. The Academy of Saint Gabriel has in a list of 9th century names also found in the Redon Cartulary: Eudon, Euhoiarn Uuinhoiarn and Euuen. It is noted also that the formation 'Uu' is equivalent to the english letter 'w'.
'Eudo fitz Spirewic' and the latin 'Eudonis filius Spereuuic' can then be broken down and analysed. The 'fitz' and 'filius' can safely be discarded as a norman and latin accretions meaning 'son of'. According to the online Preder trilingual dictionary the breton word 'sper' has the meaning of: semence,sperme, race, lignée, postérité, génération. Thus the name variously recorded in Domesday as 'Spiruwin and 'Spirewic' can be understood as the combination of 'sper' meaning 'from the line of' and the breton name Ewen or it's Norman french equivalent 'Yvick'.The Contraction of Eudo to Yon or Eon and the equivalence of Youen and Ewen demonstrate that in the final analysis, he is Ewen, son of Ewen, probably from a long line of eldest sons stretching back beyond the 'Spereuui' mentioned in the 9th century Redon Cartulary.
The Lincolnshire Tattershalls.
The name of his wife is unknown, but she had his children, the eldest being Hugh, also known as Hugo le Brito, Hugh the Breton. It is worth noting that the name Eudon evolved into the name 'Heonnus'. He is remembered chiefly for endowing the new Cistercian monastery of Kirkstead in 1139, which was populated by monks from Fountains Abbey in the North Riding of Yorkshire.
Hugh had many children, Robert fitzHugh, Walter, WIlliam, Andrew and Roger. Robert married Isobel, daughter of William fitzWalter of Wells and Claxby. Their son Phillip fitzRobert was Sheriff of Lincolnshire. He married Rose de Wahull. His brother Walter married Iseult Pantulf daughter of William Pantulf of Breedon-on-the-Hill. Their eldest son Robert married Maud d'Albini, daughter of William de Albini, Earl of Sussex, 3rd Earl of Arundel around 1214 in Sussex. According to Charles H. Browning who died in 1926, Robert was 'in arms' at the time of the signing of Magna Carta at Runnymede.
Their Son Robert de Tatteshall of Tatteshall (b 1222, d 22.07.1273) married (before 1249) Nichole. Their son, Robert de Tatteshall of Tatteshall and Buckenham, was 1st Lord Tatteshall (b 05.12.1248, d c07.1298). He married Joan FitzRandolph, daughter of Ralph FitzRandolph of Middleham. Their son Robert de Tatteshall, 2nd Lord (b c1268, d before 08.1303) married (1280) Eve de Tibetot (b after 1267, d 22.03.1349/50, dau of Robert de Tibetot). Their son Robert de Tatteshall, 3rd Lord (b 18.03.1287/8, dsp before 30.01.1305/6) married Joan (d before 10.11.1335, probably daughter of Hugh Bardolf). They had a son Robert who lost his inheritance in litigation prior to marriage, and so the male line ended, the inheritance passing to his aunt's Emma Joan and Isabel. Joan married Robert de Driby, and through their line, Tattershall passed into the hands of their great granddaughter Maud Bernake, who married Ralph de Cromwell, who became 1st Lord of Tattershall.
According to the Complete Peerage:
" In the inquisition of 1306 the jurors stated that Emma, Joan and Isabel were the sisters of Robert his grandfather (d. 1298). There are grounds for supposing that the statements were inaccurate, and that they were the latter's daughters by Joan his wife. Reasons to this effect have been given in "Early Yorks Charters", dealing with lands of the Honour of Richmond held by Joan, wife of Robert de Tateshal, and her two sisters, expecially Joan's tenure of the manor of Hethersett, Norfolk, where a statement is cited from Blomefield that Joan de Tateshall settled it on Sir William Bernak and Alice his wife, Alice's mother being described as Joan "one of the three daughters and heiresses" of the abovenamed Joan de Tateshall. A careful examination of the chronological details relating to Emma, Joan and Isabel and their issue strongly supports the suggestion that they were daughters and not sisters of Robert de Tateshal, 1st Lord Tateshal, who d. in 1298. If so, the barony supposed to have been created by the writ of 1295 would have fallen into abeyance, according to modern doctrine, in 1306 between them and their representatives."
Supplementary to this, it is noted by "John P. Ravilious" that:
1. Robert de Tateshal, born ca. 1268 (aged various 24 to 30 at his father's death in 1298), was married to Eve de Tibetot. He died before 28 Jul 1303. There is the following record in the Patent Rolls of a grant of the marriage of his son and heir by King Edward I at Brechin (Scotland) on 9 August 1303:
' Grant to Hugh Bardolf of the marriage of Robert son and heir of Robert de Tateshale, tenant in chief. By p.s. Mandate to the wife of the said Robert to deliver the body of the said Robert to Hugh to be married. ' [CPR 31 Edw I (1301-07), p. 152, mem. 17]
2. Robert, the son, was born ca. 1288 [CP], and was therefore a minor at his father's death, and also old enough to have a marriage contracted. He died before 30 Jan 1305/06, the date of his IPM [CP]. He was evidently married to Joan (parentage unknown) as we have the award of dower subsequent to his death: in Buckenham, Norfolk.
The Lancashire Tattershalls
According to 'Memories of Hurstwood' the earliest records of Tattersalls in Lancashire begin with in the year 1380. In the year 1402 that is about 22 years after the death of Robert Tattersall of the Holme Extwistle, and Briercliff, we find the names of Richard and Edmund Tattersall as signatories to the costumale which is called the magna carta of Blackburnshire. Richard and John Tattersall who we find from this charter held an important position in the district in the year 1402 held their lands according to the custom and manner and honour of Lincoln. This fact links the Lincolnshire and Lancashire Tattersalls.
A list of all persons assessed to the Royal Subsidy in the township of Burnley in 1522, included Richard Tattersall 20s 12d. Richard Tattersall died in 1524 on 20th December. When he died he had 4 messuages, 80 acres of land, 16 acres of meadow, 40 acres of pasture, 10 acres of wood, 20 acres of moor and turbary, with their appurtenances in the towns of Brereclif and Burnley in the County of Lancaster. His son Christopher aged 36 inherited. His son Richard Tattersall died a very old man in 1587. He married a Barcroft of Barcroft Hall. He had three sons, Edmund, Richard and John and several daughters.
In the muster of soldiers in the County of Lancaster August 16, 1574 (Harl.MSS.1926) Richard Tattersall along with other local yeoman had each to furnish 1 longbowe, one sheffe of arrowes, one skull (or steel cap) and one bill for the use of Her Majesty. His youngest son John was a poor scholar at Oxford.
A copy of Richard Tattersall's Will is preserved in the Probate Court of Chester dated 6th December, 1587 in which he is described as Richard Tattersall of Brearcliffe.Edmund survived his father for only 10 years. He married on the 4th June 1573 Jenet Halstede daughter of Oliver Halstede of Rowley Hall and his Will a copy of which is at the Probate Court at Chester is dated 2nd November, 1597. Son and heir John Tattersall.
Shortly after Edmund Tattersall's death in 1597, his widow presented a petition to the County Palatine Court for the purpose of restraining her eldest son John from carrying out certain measures contrary to the spirit of his father's Will. From this petition it appears that Edmund Tattersall had intended disinheriting his oldest son for misconduct, but had been persuaded on his deathbed by some of his friends not to do so, entirely on his eldest son expressing sorrow for his faults with promises that his father's Will should be strictly carried out. These promises were broken. She was successful in her petition to the Court to restrain her disobedient son, for Richard and Edmund her younger sons retained the lands bequeathed them by their father.
Richard Tattersall married Miss Sagar of Catlow Hall.
It seems likely that the disinherited John was the progenitor of an impoverished line of the family which are the ancestors of the Haslingden Tattersalls. Born around 1630, Christopher "Croffer" Tattersall is recorded as an official of the Parish's St James Church at Haslingden in 1675. "Cropherus" Tattersall is recorded as being buried there on 6th November 1677. His will shows him as the tenant of a small hillfarm called Lower Swineherd Lawe, and having a few possessions of small value. The history of his line is the subject of another chapter.
Since the sad law suit by Jennet Tattersall in 1598, up to the end of the next century the Tattersalls appear to have had their fair share of litigation, and it seems to have considerably impoverished them. John son of Edmund who died in 1669 married in 1684 Mary Nutter of the ancient family of Nutter of Pendle Forest. John died in 1696 and his son Edmund born about 1686 married Ann Varley about 1714. Edmund Tattersall lived at Ridge End until about 1719 when he sold the old home of his forefathers to the Claytons of Carr Hall at Colne. It is now in the possession of Sir John H. Thursby, Bart of Ormerod Hall, who recently (1888) presented part of it to Burnley as a public park. After the sale Edmund Tattersall lived at his house at Hurstwood. There is a tradition that the family lost part of their land through running their dogs in scotch plaid ribbons and if so they may have taken some part in the disastrous rebellion of 1715. The old house at Ridge has long since disappeared.
Edmund Tattersall of Ridge and Hurstwood had three sons. John (1723-1779), Richard (1724-1795) and Edmund (1727-1810). He also had 3 daughters Ann 1716 who died in infancy, Lucy 1720, married Richard Addison in 1750, died 1802 and Mary who married John Lonsdale. Edmund Tattersall died in 1764. His heir John died in 1779 without issue, when it fell to Richard Tattersall and his heirs. Edmund Tattersall the third son of Edmund and Ann Varley was born in 1727 and died in 1810. He was the last Tattersall buried at Burnley Parish Church.
Edmund Tattersall the eldest son of Edmund Tattersall had a commission in the Navy bought by his Uncle Richard. He joined Rattler as midshipman on 14th May, 1795 as a midshipman. He died in Liverpool in 1826.
Richard Tattersall second son of Edmund Tattersall and Ann Varley was born in 1724 and educated at Burnley Grammar School. It is this Richard who became the famous Bloodstock auctioneer and founder of the Tattersall's horse racing Dynasty.
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